This museum, founded in 1867 by Queen Isabel II, is one of the most visited in Madrid. The National Archaeological Museum was created at the express wish of the Queen, who wanted to provide Spain with a great museum where preserve, classify and exhibit the archaeological treasures of the vast history of Spain.
Prehistory (Ground Floor)
Pre-Roman Spain and Roman Hispania (First Floor)
Numismatics and Muslim Spain (Mezzanine Floor)
Egypt, Middle East , Ancient Greece, Medieval Christianity in Spain and Modern era (Second Floor)
This museum, opened in 2014 after 3 years of reform, is equipped with interactive displays, multimedia guides, 3D projections, etc. making the visit that much interesting
Ivory Crucifix (11th century / room 27). This Crucifix was donated by the Kings of Leon to the Basilica of San Isidoro (León). According to archaeologists, it is the first sculptural representation of the body of Christ in Spain. In the lower part is represented Adan.
Pozo Moro (6th century / room 12) This tower-shaped tomb, found in the province of Albacete (East Spain), was used for the burial of a King or some important dignitary in the Iberian culture. The tomb is richly decorated with lions, figures, animals, etc. According to experts this tomb is the best preserved monument of the Iberian culture so far.
Lady of Elche (5th century BC/ room 13) This beautiful sculpture is one of the icons of the Iberian culture in Spain. It depicts a high society woman, perhaps a priestess or a queen. According to the experts it was a polychrome sculpture and was used as a funerary urn. The sculpture was found in Elche (Eastern Spain). Visigothic Crown (7th century/ room 23) This gold crown was found near Toledo (former capital of Spain during the Visigothic era) and is decorated with beautiful pearls and sapphires. This crown was part of a much larger treasure (Tesoro de Guarrazar) composed of six crowns and five crosses.